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Introduction

My childhood

School days

Domestic work

He was a jolly somebody

Factory work

The trade unions

The ANC and the Women's League

The start of mass campaigns

Stay-away!

The Defiance Campaign

Forming the Federation

The Anti-Pass Campaign

Bantu Education boycott

The South African Congress of Trade Unions

 

 

Resources

The Federation of South African Women's Papers, University of the Witwatersrand Historical Documents Section.

The Food and Canning Workers Union Papers, University of the Witwatersrand Historical Documents Section.

Walker, C., Women and Resistance in South Africa, London, Onyx Press, 1982.

Lodge, T., Black Politics in South Africa since 1945, Johannesburg, Ravan Press, 1983.

Interview with Frances Baard by South African Institute for Race Relations (SAIRR) Oral History Programme.

Interview with Frances Baard by T. Lodge, 18 February 1981.

Karis and Carter, Documents on African Politics, (Hoover vol. 3 'From Protest to Challenge').

Richard Goode, 'The History of the Food and Canning Workers Union', MA Thesis, University of Cape Town.


The Congress of the People


The fight against passes continues

On trial for treason

'Asinamali'

Don't eat potatoes!

The special branch


The start of a bad time

Solitary confinement

Jail

Banishment

The struggle continues

Notes

Abbreviations

Resources