homehomepolitics & governanceliberation struggleemerging nationalism and socialist resistance 1900-1959

Timeline

pre 19001902-19101910-19241924-19391939-19481948-19601960-1994

Pre 1900:- Colonial conquest and resistance

The century summaries below link to South Africa general history timelines.

1500s

Europeans begin mapping and exploring the South African coastline and basic trading takes place between the Khoikhoi and the Europeans. Nguni and Sotho speaking groups begin colonizing South Africa (subjecting and incorporating neighboring groups and dispossessing their land), with eventually only the western and northern areas of the Cape not dominated by them. read more

1600s

European’s settle in South Africa for the first time and begin to further colonize and trade with the Khoikhoi at the cape, by the middle this century the first Khoikhoi-Dutch war is fought and slavery is entrenched. Throughout the rest of the country Nguni and Sotho groups begin splitting, as a result of strengthening chiefdoms, into the groups that we know today (Zulu, Ndebele, Tswana, Xhosa etc). read more

1700s

European and Khoikhoi squirmishes continue through this decade, and Cape frontier is pushed further eastward into the land of the AmaXhosa. Armed confrontations between the AmaXhosa and the Dutch colonists ensue. read more

1800s

European and Khoikhoi squirmishes continue through this decade, and Cape frontier is pushed further eastward into the land of the AmaXhosa. Armed confrontations between the AmaXhosa and the Dutch colonists ensue. read more