homehometimelinesThabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki - Timeline

Historical Context to Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki

1932 -

1932
Epainette Moerane (Ma Mofokeng Clan Name) Meets Govan Mbeki at Taylor Street Secondary School.
1935
Govan Mbeki joins the African National Congress.
1938
Govan Mbeki receives a telegram about a job offer from the Clakesburg Institute, a Teacher Training College in Transkei.
1939
Govan Mbeki publishes ‘Transkei in the Making” a work of political analysis which is deeply critical of the system of local government in the Transkei.
1940
January 4, Govan Mbeki marries Ma Mofokeng.
1941
Govan and Ma Mofokeng have their first-born child Linda.
1942
June 18, Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki is born in Idutywa district in the Transkei.Thabo is the second child of Govan Mbeki and Ma Mofokeng.
1945
Govan Mbeki and Ma Mofokeng give birth to their third born child Moeletsi.
1946
Govan Mbeki endorse or give support to the Mine's Strike in Johannesburg and collects cash for its victims.
1948
Govan Mbeki and Ma Mofokeng have their fourth child Jama.
1953
Fire destroys Thabo Mbeki's kraal and family shop. A scenario which forces his father, Govan to migrate to Johannesburg in search of work opportunities in order to look after his family. Photographs, books and family records are destroyed in the process.
1955
At Lovedale College Thabo Mbeki shows an interest in politics and joins the Society of Young Africans, which is part of the Non-European Unity Movement.
1956
Thabo Mbeki Joins the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) at the age of 14.
1958
At the age 16 Thabo Mbeki has a baby boy out of wedlock with Olive Mpahlwa named Monwabise Kwanda.
1959
Thabo Mbeki' Schooling is interrupted by a student strike and completes his studies at home.
Thabo Mbeki writes his matriculation examination at St John's High School in Umtata.
1960 - 1961
Thabo Mbeki completes his British “A” level examinations in England.
1961
Thabo Mbeki meets Nelson Mandela in Mayfair, Johannesburg. Mandela brief Thabo about his imminent departure to go and further his education outside South Africa with less disruption. Mandela and other high ranking officials from African National Congress and South Africa Communist Party are of the view that it is in the best interest of Thabo to leave the country as soon as possible, since his life will be in danger due to his association with the two organisations.
December, Thabo Mbeki is elected secretary of African Students Association (ASA).
December 16, Govan Mbeki and other underground South African Communist Party and African national Congress members are involved in the establishing of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the Spear of the Nation.
1962
Thabo Mbeki with his so-called football team are spotted by the South African police on their way to Botswana and are forced to return to South Africa. The team only made it as far as Zeerust in Limpopo.
Thabo Mbeki and his football team on their second attempts make it to Botswana.
Thabo Mbeki and his football team are arrested in Bulawayo Zimbabwe. The Zimbabwean authorities want to hand them to the South Africa Government for leaving the country without the necessary documentations. They are saved from this situation by a helpful court clerk Cyril Ndebele and strong arguments from Thabo.
January 4, Thabo Mbeki's first article as the New Organising Secretary of the African Students' Organisation appears in the newspaper “New Age”.
November, Thabo Mbeki lands in Tanganyika with a group of 28 students. They leave the country to further their education. Among the students is Manto Msimang -Tshabalala the Minister of Health.
1963
Govan Mbeki and other high-ranking officials of the African National Congress are arrested at Lilliesleaf farm in Rivonia near Johannesburg.
June, Thabo Mbeki enrolls Sussex University.
1964
April 13, Thabo Mbeki reads a statement in London before a delegation of the United Nations Special Committee against apartheid. The statement is directed at the Apartheid Government in South Africa concerning the Rivonia Trial.
1966
Thabo Mbeki completes a Masters Degree in Economics at Sussex University in England.
1967
Thabo Mbeki starts to work full-time together with Communist Party leader Yusuf Dadoo at African National Congress offices in London.
1969
Thabo Mbeki arrives in Moscow and attends at the Institute of Social science.
1970
Thabo Mbeki is sent to Soviet Union for political training. Walter Sisulu and Abertina Sisulu's son Max joins Thabo, and together they make their way to a remote military camp near a town called Sekhodia.
1971
Thabo Mbeki is transferred to Lusaka, Zambia.
1973 - 1974
Thabo Mbeki is in Botswana having talks with the Botswana Government about the opening of the African National Congress Offices.
1974
Thabo Mbeki begins to train South African Students who escapes from South Africa to join the African National Congress in exile. After training them they are sent to African National Congress camps in Mozambique and Zambia.
November 23, Thabo Mbeki marries Zanele Dlamini in London.
1975
Thabo Mbeki is appointed acting African national Congress representative in Swaziland.
Thabo Mbeki is appointed to the National Executive of the African National Congress.
Thabo Mbeki is appointed acting Chief representative of the African National Congress in Swaziland.
1976
Thabo Mbeki together with Jacob Zuma and Albert Dlhomo are placed under protective custody by the Swazi authorities. This is because of the growing threat from the South African authorities wanting to capture the three ANC officials.
May, Thabo Mbeki is asked to leave Swaziland because pressure is mounting on the Swazi Government from the South Africa Government to have Thabo arrested.
December, Thabo Mbeki is appointed Chief representative of the African National Congress in Nigeria.
1978
The American Television Channel, CBS, interviews Thabo Mbeki age 36 on the South African political situation and apartheid. Thabo give a hint that the ANC is abandoning the arm struggle and is prepare to negotiate for a peaceful transition of a democratic elected government in South Africa.
February, Thabo Mbeki delivers a speech at the Seminar held in Ottawa in Canada about the historical injustice in South Africa.
Thabo Mbeki is recalled into the political mainstream at African National Congress headquarters in Lusaka. He is appointed Oliver Tambo's political secretary and Director of Information.
December 27, Thabo Mbeki is elected a member of Politico-Military Strategy Commission (PMSC), to consider new strategies options of the African National Congress. The commission is under the leadership of Oliver Tambo.
1979
March, Thabo Mbeki gives recommendations to the Politico-Military Strategy Commission that political cause should be followed rather than the military ones. Thabo is in favour of negotiating with the South African government.
1980
Thabo Mbeki is appointed the African National Congress' Director of Information.
Thabo Mbeki addresses students at SOMAFCO, the African National Congress' school in Tanzania.
1981
Thabo Mbeki's son Monwabise Kwanda disappears allegedly going to exile to look for his father. Kwanda disappears with Thabo's youngest brother Jama.
1983
January 8, A speech drafted by Thabo Mbeki is broadcasted on numerous radio stations and Television, calling for the formation of the united front against apartheid.
1984
Thabo Mbeki is appointed head of the ANC's department of information and publicity.
1985
Thabo Mbeki meets a group of several important white businessmen led by Anglo American chairman Gavin Relly at the isolated game lodge in Mfumbe, Zambia.
Thabo Mbeki is appointed member of the African National Congress's political and military council.
Thabo Mbeki is reelected to the National Executive Council of the African national Congress as Secretary for Presidential Affairs.
June, Thabo Mbeki drafts a new basic strategy document aimed at taking the African national Congress into the next and, hoped, final phase of the struggle.
1986
Thabo Mbeki is dispatched by Oliver Tambo to represent the ANC at a conference hosted by the Ford Foundation in Long Island. New York.
Thabo Mbeki has dinner for the first time with an Afrikaner Woman, Christine De Lange.
The South Africa Government dispatches an assassin to Lusaka in Zambia to assassinate Thabo Mbeki. The plan is to bomb Mbeki's house with him inside. The plan is unsuccessful as the assassin is spotted and arrested by the Zambian authorities.
1987
Thabo Mbeki heads an African National Congress delegation to a meeting Dakar Senegal with a delegation from Institute for a democratic alternative for South Africa (IDASA)
August, Thabo Mbeki attends a conference in Dakar, Senegal with a group of more than 50 Afrikaner intellectuals.
1988
Thabo Mbeki travels to Moscow in Russia with Chris Hani for a short holiday. Thabo predicts to Vladmir Subtin an expert on Southern Africa that he will return to South Africa in 1990.
Thabo Mbeki addresses demonstrators outside the South African Embassy in London. The demonstrators calls for the banning of Apartheid in South Africa.
1989
Thabo Mbeki is appointed head of the African National Congress Department of International Affairs.
Thabo Mbeki meets his father Govan Mbeki whom he has not met since age 11.This meeting happens in Lusaka, Zambia after 30 years of separation. The only memory of his father Thabo remembers is the letter he received on his graduation day at Sussex University in England encouraging him to do his doctorate which he never bothered to respond and in 1974 on his wedding.
Thabo Mbeki calls Pollsmoor Prison and speaks to Nelson Mandela for the first time since his arrest in 1960.
August 21, Thabo Mbeki lobbies successfully for African governments to adopt the Harare declaration. The Harare declaration contains the first real vision of a transition to democracy in South Africa. It calls for the unconditional release of all political prisoners and the unbanning of all political organisations.
September, Thabo Mbeki addresses the anti-apartheid activists in Switzerland.
Thabo Mbeki together with Jacob Zuma are appointed to lead the African National Congress in Operation flair which meets members of the South African government for the first time in 20 years after the banning of the African National Congress.
October, In a speech made to the Southern Africa Coalition in London, Thabo Mbeki calls for sanctions against South Africa in order to help end apartheid and a transition of a democratic elected government.
November 8, Thabo Mbeki issues a statement at the General Assembly of the United Nations about the need to give full cooperation and support to the Special Committee against apartheid so that they can speed up their work on South Africa.
1990
Thabo Mbeki persuades the African National Congress to give up the armed struggle against the apartheid regime. Thabo believes guns will not grant them freedom but negotiating will.
April 27, Thabo Mbeki officially returns to South Africa from exile after the unbanning of all political organisations. He arrives in a personal plane of Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda.
May 2, Thabo Mbeki leads the Lusaka delegation for a meeting at Groote Schuur which results in the signing of the Groote Schuur Peace Accord.
December 5, Thabo Mbeki addresses the General Assembly of the United Nations thanking them for putting pressure on south Africa by declaring that apartheid is crime against humanity.
1992
Thabo Mbeki is accused by Bantu Holomisa of having his fiftieth birthday party paid or sponsored by hotel magnate Sol Kerzner.
November 18, Thabo Mbeki addresses the United Nations General Assembly on behalf of the ANC about South Africa and the way forward on change.
1993
Thabo Mbeki is elected Chairman of the African National Congress.
December 13, Thabo Mbeki addresses the General assembly of the United Nations on the theme titled “Elimination of Apartheid and Establishment of a United, Democratic and Non-Racial South Africa”.
1994
African National Youth League endores Thabo Mbeki for the Deputy President position of the African National Congress.
May 10, Thabo Mbeki is sworn in as the Deputy President in the New Government headed by Nelson Mandela.
June 16, Thabo Mbeki becomes the Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa of the New Government of National Unity.
December, Thabo Mbeki is appointed Deputy President of the African National Congress.
1996
Thabo Mbeki sacks Winnie Mandela from her Deputy Ministerial position for refusing to listen to commands of the party executive and abusing her ministerial privileges.
Thabo request his co-deputy president, F.W de Klerk who is the head of the cabinet Committee on intelligence to investigate Tokyo Sexwale on allegations of drug trafficking.
February 26, Thabo Mbeki unveils the Growth, Employment and Redistribution (GEAR) economic policy, an ambitious blueprint aimed at stimulating South Africa's economy to 6 per cent as well as creating 500 000 desperately needed new jobs.
May 8, Deputy President Thabo Mbeki read a statement on behalf of the African National Congress, on the adoption of the Republic of South Africa Constitution Bill 1996, by the constitutional Assembly.
1997
Thabo Mbeki leads an African National Congress delegation to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
June 10, Thabo delivers a speech at the National Assembly during the debate on budget vote no.2.
December 12, Thabo Mbeki speaks at a conference before the ANC's 50th National Conference, addressing the issue of possible changes to the policy after the departure of Nelson Mandela from public office.
December 18, Thabo Mbeki is elected the President of the African National Congress during the party's 50th conference.
December 20, Thabo addresses an African National Congress conference at Mafikeng Stadium.
1998
Thabo Mbeki agrees to a National Party request that National reconciliation or nation- building needs to be debated in the National Assembly.
Thabo Mbeki dispatches his brother Moeletsi on a fact-finding mission to Britain.
Thabo Mbeki receive news from the members of the Mpumalanga provincial Executive Committee that Mathews Phosa is enriching himself and involve in corruption.
Thabo Mbeki addresses a group of Asian businessmen reminding them of the relationship which exist between Asia and Africa dating back from 1415.
April 9, Thabo Mbeki delivers a speech at the United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan. The Speech is on African Renaissance, South Africa and the World.
May 29, Thabo Mbeki issues a statement at the opening of the debate in the National Assembly, on reconciliation and nation building, Cape Town.
June 3, Thabo Mbeki reads a statement on a budget vote in the National Assembly in his office as the Deputy President of the country.
December 26, Thabo Mbeki is home for Christmas festive. A historic African feast is carried out in his honour as it is like home coming of a prodigal son who left in 1959,two bulls and 20 merino sheep are slaughtered. Nelson Mandela and half of the National Cabinet Ministers attends the occasion.
1999
June 3, Thabo Mbeki issues a statement on the African National Congress election victory.
June 14, Thabo Mbeki is elected president of South Africa.
June 16, Thabo Mbeki is inaugurated as the second democratic elected president of South Africa after Nelson Mandela.
Thabo Mbeki is sworn in as President of south Africa.
August 27, Thabo Mbeki addresses the Afrikaanse Taal en Kultuurverenining (AKTV).
September 17, Thabo Mbeki is awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Rand Afrikaans University.
October 11, Thabo Mbeki gives a speech at the launch of the African Renaissance Institute.
October 28, Thabo Mbeki addresses the National Council of Provinces.
November 5, Thabo Mbeki gives a speech at the Presidential Sports Awards.
2000
April 3, Thabo Mbeki write a letter to world leaders regarding South Africa's position on HIV-AIDS. Mbeki does not share the belief that HIV causes AIDS, a statement which causes an outcry amongst Medical Practitioners and AIDS sufferers in South Africa.
May 19, Thabo Mbeki is awarded Honorary Doctorate of laws from Glasgow University Caledonian University.
May 24, Thabo Mbeki receives the Oliver Tambo/ Johnny Makatini Freedom Award.
May 26, Thabo Mbeki addresses a congregation at the Ebenezer Baptist Church Atlanta, USA.
July 9, Thabo Mbeki delivers a speech at the 13th International Aids Conference held in Durban.
August 22, Thabo Mbeki receives the Newsmaker of the year award from Pretoria News Press Association.
2002
August 6, Thabo is congratulated by Keneth Ross, the Executive Director of Human Rights Watch Movement in the United States of America for his leadership role in the New Partnership for Africa development (NEPAD).
December, Thabo Mbeki awards the first of South Africa's newly conceived National Orders-the order of Mapungubwe, the Order of the Baobab, and the Order of the companions of O.R.Tambo-redesigned to reflect the inclusiveness and diversity of South Africa.
December 17, Thabo Mbeki is reelected President of the African National Congress.
2003
August 23, Thabo Mbeki honours United Democratic Front (UDF) heroes.
October 15, Thabo Mbeki arrives in India for Hindu celebration and to discuss bilateral trade with India.
November 13, The landless People's Movement of South Africa issues a memorandum directed to Thabo Mbeki criticising his government's general treatment of landless people and forced removals of million people from their homes.
December, Thabo Mbeki awards the Order of Luthuli, the Order of Ikhamanga, the Medi Decoration for Bravery, the Order of the Baobab, the Order of Mapungubwe, and the Order of the companions of O.R.Tambo to 42 South Africans. Some of these awards are awarded posthumus.
2004
February 6, Thabo Mbeki's state of the Nation address. He reports on the 10 years of democracy since the end of apartheid in 1994 on what has or has not been achieved.
February 10, Thabo Mbeki announces that 14 April 2004 will be the date for South African's third democratic election.
March 4, Thabo Mbeki addresses the 23rd Africa Regional conference of the Food and Agriculture Organisation: Sandton Convention Centre, Johannesburg.
March 7, In his election campaign in Mpumalanga, Thabo Mbeki dismisses the idea that he is seeking a third term as the President of the country.
March 11, Thabo Mbeki is asked by the officials from Equatorial Guinea to help in a trial of suspected Coup plotters.
March 30, Thabo Mbeki campaigns in Tzaneen, Makhado and Sekhukhune in Limpopo Province.
April 14, Thabo Mbeki casts his election vote at the Colby Park Polling Station in Pretoria.