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Please note: South African History Online, in partnership with Frescura, has produced an online archive of Frescura's work. This archive includes sections on architecture, urbanisation and housing, lectures, tutorials and conference papers, graphic work, South Africa's postal history and a visual archive | link



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The Ndebele in history

> Early history of the Ndebele
> Origins of the name "Ndebele"
> A brief history of polygamy in southern Africa
> The ZAR War against the Ndzundza Ndebele
> Msiza settlement at Hartbeesfontein
> Msiza family make-up at Hartbeesfontein
> The resettlement of the Msiza at Odi


Ndebele architecture and settlement patterns

> Glossary of Ndebele building terms
> Dwelling forms
> Settlement patterns


The role of gender in Ndebele architecture

> Gender roles in Ndebele home-making
> Gender spaces in Ndebele homestead planning
> Gender elements of Ndebele settlement
> The roles of decoration in Ndebele society


The influence of apartheid

> The Ndebele and the Apartheid state

> Social and economic changes at KwaMsiza

> The Msiza and Bophuthatswana

> KwaMsiza and the post-apartheid era




Project researched and prepared by Franco Frescura.