9 October 1962, Uganda gains independence from Britain
Milton Obote became the country's first Prime Minister after independence; however, the country's notorious dictator Idi Amin soon toppled him. With the expulsion of Amin, Obote became a Prime Minister in 1985; he was forced to resign due to mounting proof of high-level government corruption. Yoweri Museveni became president of Uganda after taking power in 1986.
Uganda is a small country in central Africa and much of its territory is made up of Lake Victoria. Around 500 B.C. Bantu speaking people migrated to Uganda. Arab traders arrived in Uganda in the 1840s, whereas British explorers started arriving in 1862. In 1894 Uganda became a British Protectorate. The country is known for rich mineral deposits.
And for a broad overview of African independence go to our site's coverage of African Independence (chronology and history)
http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_Studies/Country_Specific/Uganda.html -has an annotated list of a wide variety of Uganda sites
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/africa/uganda/ -has a brief and succinct political history
http://allafrica.com/uganda/ -for breaking news on Uganda
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/uganda.html -is an annotated collection of many Uganda related sites
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108066.html - provides historic and geographic information
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/country_profiles/1069166.stm -for audio clips, brief facts and a Uganda timeline
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ug.html -for what the CIA has on Uganda