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17 August 1960, Gabon gains independence from France

On 17 August 1960, Gabon, a country in west central Africa, gained independence from France. It shares common borders with Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo and the Gulf of Guinea. Autocratic presidents ruled Gabon since independence. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and institutional reforms.

A small population, abundant natural resources, and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous sub-Saharan African countries. Gabon is Sub-Sahara’s third largest producer and exporter of crude oil.

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