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Note: Some grade 11 sections are under construction and still link to old content. Also note, there may be minor changes to the curriculum from year to year, teachers always check with your Curriculum Advisor and students, check with your teacher. Click on the feedback icon on the right if you have anything to contribute or if you have any questions.


1. Challenges to capitalism; Russian Revolution and the establishment of the Communist state

2. Crisis of capitalism: The Great Depression in the USA and its wider impact in terms of the emergence of fascist economies and states

3. The impact of pseudo- scientific racism and Social Darwinism on the 19th and 20th Centuries

4. Competing nationalisms and identities in Africa

5. The impact of World War II: how the nature of political quest for independence in Africa changed after 1945

6. Apartheid, race, segregation and human rights